The island of Saint-Martin is located in the archipelago formed by the Lesser
Antilles, 240 km east of Puerto Rico. The territory of the
Martin corresponds to the northern part of the island.
The French part of the island covers an area of approximately 53 km² out of
a total area of 93 km². Its administrative center is based in Marigot.
St. Maarten (a country belonging to the Kingdom of the Netherlands). There
are no physical boundaries and therefore no obstacles to the movement of
goods and people.
Tropical; hurricane season from July to November
Mostly French, however also very cosmopolitan
French, English, Spanish, Creole
euro (EUR official currency) or dollar (USD currency accepted by all traders)
Tourism, services, construction and public works
STATUS AND MODE OF GOVERNMENT
Part of the French Republic, the
of Saint-Martin has, as of 15
July 2007, the status of “Overseas
”(COM) and hence benefits
from a certain autonomy. As well as having the powers conferred on French
regions, departments and communes, it also has specific powers that are
in principle also those of the French State. Its deliberative assembly, the
Territorial Council, is made up of 23 territorial councilors that are elected
for a period of five years. The council was last elected on 1 April 2012.
DISTRIBUTION OF MAIN COMPETENCIES
BETWEEN THE FRENCH STATE AND SAINT-MARTIN
Spatial planning, construction and housing
Creation, development of seaports
Civil law (nationality, property rights... )
Commercial law, including accounting standards
Labor law, employment law, criminal law
Education, health, security, justice