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Saint-Martin

© JMG-Riva

ABOUT SAINT-MARTIN…

GEOGRAPHY

L

OCATION

The island of Saint-Martin is located in the archipelago formed by the Lesser

Antilles, 240 km east of Puerto Rico. The territory of the

Collectivité

of Saint-

Martin corresponds to the northern part of the island.

S

URFACE

AREA

The French part of the island covers an area of approximately 53 km² out of

a total area of 93 km². Its administrative center is based in Marigot.

B

ORDERING

COUNTRIES

St. Maarten (a country belonging to the Kingdom of the Netherlands). There

are no physical boundaries and therefore no obstacles to the movement of

goods and people.

C

LIMATE

Tropical; hurricane season from July to November

POPULATION

N

ATIONALITY

Mostly French, however also very cosmopolitan

N

UMBER

OF

INHABITANTS

36,522

L

ANGUAGES

French, English, Spanish, Creole

ECONOMY

C

URRENCY

euro (EUR official currency) or dollar (USD currency accepted by all traders)

G

ROSS

D

OMESTIC

P

RODUCT

14,700

(2010)

M

AJOR

ECONOMIC

SECTORS

Tourism, services, construction and public works

STATUS AND MODE OF GOVERNMENT

Part of the French Republic, the

Collectivité

of Saint-Martin has, as of 15

July 2007, the status of “Overseas

Collectivité

”(COM) and hence benefits

from a certain autonomy. As well as having the powers conferred on French

regions, departments and communes, it also has specific powers that are

in principle also those of the French State. Its deliberative assembly, the

Territorial Council, is made up of 23 territorial councilors that are elected

for a period of five years. The council was last elected on 1 April 2012.

DISTRIBUTION OF MAIN COMPETENCIES

BETWEEN THE FRENCH STATE AND SAINT-MARTIN

C

OLLECTIVITÉ

OF

S

AINT

-M

ARTIN

u

Tax Law

u

Spatial planning, construction and housing

u

Tourism

u

Transport

u

Creation, development of seaports

F

RENCH

S

TATE

u

Civil law (nationality, property rights... )

u

Commercial law, including accounting standards

u

Labor law, employment law, criminal law

u

Education, health, security, justice

BUSINESS TAXATION

06